On the previous pages, we discussed why the earth is less than 10,000 years old. Now we shall consider some evidence that the universe is young as well.
|The size of the sun has been directly measured at observatories since 1836. According to hundreds of measurements, the sun’s diameter is shrinking at a rate of about 0.1% every century, which is equivalent to about 1.5 m per hour. Only 50,000 years ago, the sun would have been so large that our oceans would boil and life could not exist.|
As a conclusion, the sun and earth are quite young.
The sun’s radiation “pushes” particles less than 100,000th of a centimeter in diameter out of the Solar System. All these microscopic particles should have been blown out of the Solar System, if it were billions of years old. Satellites find such small particles abundantly in the Solar System, therefore it is young.
The sun’s radiation tends to slow down small rocks and particles orbiting the sun, the same way rain slightly slows down a speeding car. For particles larger than 100,000th of a centimeter in diameter, this causes them to spiral into the sun. This “vacuum cleaner” effect of the sun is also known as the Poynting Robertson effect. The sun pulls in 100,000 tons of micrometeoroids a day. Less than half of this dust is supplied by the breakup of comets and asteroids. Though there is no known source of replenishment, these particles still orbit the sun, forming a disk-shaped cloud around it.
All the particles orbiting the sun should have been blown out, or pulled into the sun, depending on their size, in less than 10,000 years. Since this has not yet happened, the Solar System must be young.
|Comets are mainly composed of frozen gases, ice and rocks. When they are near the sun, the sun evaporates some of their material, producing a tail and other debris. The tail’s material is lost in space. Comets also frequently break up or fall onto the sun or planets. A normal comet should be gone within several hundred orbits. This means the short-period comets (comets with periods of less than 200 years) should disappear in less than 10,000 years. There is also no known way to add new comets to the Solar System. Since there are still short-period comets orbiting our sun, the Solar System and comets are young. And if these comets were millions of years old, they would have been larger than the sun in the beginning, in which case the sun would have been orbiting them!|
All the four gas giants: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune have rings. The largest and most familiar are the rings of Saturn (see picture).
The full diameter of the ring system is about 270,000 kilometres (169,000 miles), but the thickness is no more than a few tens of metres (60 to 100 feet). Represent the full spread of the rings by the diameter of a cricket or baseball field, and the thickness will be no more than that of a piece of cigarette paper. This means that when the rings are edgewise on to us they almost disappear. (Patrick Moore, Phillip’s Atlas of the Universe, p. 108.)
The planetary rings are mainly composed of millions of fragile pieces of solid gases, rocks and water ice. Scientists don’t understand how ammonia, which should quickly vaporize into space, could form these delicate rings. They could not have gotten there from random events, but were created by a Designer. The rings are also continuously bombarded by meteors and debris from space, and should have disappeared in about 10,000 years. But they’re still there, so planetary rings must be young.
Yet nonstop erosion poses a difficult problem for the very existence of Saturn’s opaque rings—the expected bombardment rate would pulverize the entire system in only 10,000 years! (Jeffrey N. Cuzzi, “Ringed Planets: Still Mysterious—II”, Sky & Telescope, Vol. 69)
Throughout the universe, hydrogen is being converted into helium. But this is a one-way process, hydrogen cannot be produced in large quantities by the breakdown of other elements. If the universe is as old as evolutionists think, there would be no hydrogen left. Since it is mainly composed of hydrogen, the universe must be young.
Galaxies cannot rotate as solid bodies, since they are composed of billions of separate stars. The inner stars orbit around the galactic center faster than the outer ones. One or two revolutions (estimated to be about 100,000-200,000 years) of the galaxy should tighten up the whirlpool-shaped spiral arms, and distort its shape. The galaxies’ shape is not yet distorted, therefore the universe is young.
The inner stars in galaxies revolve around the center decidedly faster than the outer stars! Because of this fact, only one or two rotations—of each galaxy and all its stars—should be enough to wind it all together tightly. But this has not happened. Thus the nebulae show a youthful age. (Vance Ferrell, Origin of the Universe, Evolution Disproved Series, p. 97.)
Again, all the facts are on the side of Creation. Evolution is a theory, nothing more.