The Ape-Men II – The Charlatan Eugene Dubois and his Java Man (Pithecanthropus erectus)

A good example of evolutionist fraud and deceit of the whole world is Eugene Dubois and his ape-man, Pithecanthropus erectus.

Darwin avoided discussing the origin of man in his book On the Origin of Species, which is full of contradictions and was totally rejected by the best scientists of his day. In one of Thomas Huxley’s books (who is also known as Darwin’s bulldog, since he often took on open battles on behalf of Darwin) written in 1863, the author investigates the relationship between humans and primates, especially the higher apes. Ernst Haeckel presents in his book The Natural History of Creation, a complete evolutionary tree of man’s origin, on which he displays 22 stages of our ancestry. The German evolutionist G. H. R. von Koenigswald admits that this was a totally unfounded speculation, when he writes the following about those days.

“Let us not forget, that in his days almost nothing was known about fossil men… In Haeckel’s time there was barely any knowledge about higher primates’ fossils.”

On the 20th stage on the evolutionary tree of Haeckel are the primates, and on the 22nd is man. Between these two stands the fabricated ape-man Pithecanthropus. No remains of such transitional creature had been found before. A young Dutch evolutionist physician, Eugene Dubois who “was very influenced by Darwin and his followers” according to Koenigswald, was determined to find the remains of the ape-man.

pithecanthropusDubois started excavations first in Sumatra and then on the island of Java. He found a tooth near the village of Trinil on Java in 1891, and a month later a flat, very thick skull-cap (see picture) with a large brow-ridge. He said at that time that they both originated from a chimpanzee. A year later, he unearthed a femur 15 meters from the previous site, which he immediately recognized to be a human bone. Without any basis, he supposed that the three bones belonged to the same individual. This collection of bones he named Java man, Pithecanthropus erectus. In his description dated 1894, he claims this creature was an ape-man, a transitional species, a missing link between higher apes and man. He adopted the name Pithecanthropus from Haeckel. Naturally, the anthropologists of his time even denied that the bones belonged to the same individual.

Dubois protected his “discovery” with jealous care and become paranoid:

He took everyone who didn’t agree with his explanation of Pithecanthropus to be his personal enemy. When his thoughts weren’t widely approved, he resentfully retreated, and became suspicious, unsociable and cranky. To almost no one did he show his findings after that. He imagined hearing robbers around his house at night, who wanted to steal his Pithecanthropus. If someone he thought to be a fellow-worker knocked at the door of his house, he just pretended not to be at home.

Koenigswald, an evolutionist anthropologist, and his wife visited Dubois in 1936, and asked him to show them his original findings. Dubois kept the bones in the iron safe of the Museum of Leiden, and they could only be seen with his approval. Koenigswald, who had made excavations himself in Java, Africa and China, after seeing the original findings, expressed his disappointment in the following way:

But this is only a skull-cap, just what’s missing are the most important parts, namely the temple-bone, which is crucial in determining its character. Without clearing this up, the whole debate about Pithecanthropus is meaningless. We are talking about interpreting a fragmentary fossil. Did this flat skull with an apish brow-ridge really belong to a human? There is no doubt about the femur. But did these two really belong to the same creature?

Dubois’ idea of the findings belonging to the same individual got a serious blow, when three more femur bones were found in 1932 and another one in 1935 in his collection. In addition, in one of his works from 1926, he depicts three teeth very different in size. It has been proven that just on account of their size, they couldn’t have been part of the same jaw, and besides, two belonged to an orangutan.

Since Dubois did not return to Trinil any more, others continued the excavations there, looking for fossils of ape-men. They uncovered much material, different animal bones, but not one Pithecanthropus was found. The German Selenka expedition found one lower jaw tooth, which they accidentally classified as a Pithecanthropus tooth, but it was later found out to be from a modern man. In 1926, Batavian newspapers declared that C. E. J. Heberlein had found a new Pithecanthropus skull in Trinil, but when a picture was published next year, it immediately became clear, that it was not a skull-cap, but the ball-joint of a large elephant’s upper limb! This is how reliable evolutionist scientists and their findings are.

Dubois also lied when it came to the age of the fossils. (First of all, new evidence shows that the universe and the earth are young (see: The Age of the Earth I, The Age of the Earth II and The Age of the Universe), and secondly, the determination of the age of strata and the fossils in them is based on “circular reasoning” (circulus vitiosus). This is because the age of strata are determined based on the age of the fossils in them, according to their supposed evolutionary timetable, and the age of those fossils is determined according to the supposed age of the strata they were found in.) The mammal population on Java was said to be pleistocene (allegedly from 600,000 to 20,000 years ago) in the first writings of Dubois. He later changed it to tertiary, which era began supposedly 70 million years ago and ended 2 million years ago:

But since he discovered Pithecanthropus, the fauna must have belonged to the tertiary era! With all his might, he tried to lessen the pleistocene characteristics of the fauna… He no longer wanted the whole animal kingdom, but solely Pithecanthropus to be the standard. Such a primitive form must have belonged to the tertiary era!

After several decades of lies and misinterpretation, Dubois finally admitted before his death, that he had also found ape thighbones and human skulls in Trinil, and that his ape-man was nothing more than a large ape related to the gibbons.


1.  G. H. R. von Koenigswald, Begegnungen mit dem Vormenschen (Encounter with the Ape-Men), 1961.

2.  Eugene Dubois, “On the Fossil Human Skulls Recently Discovered in Java and Pithecanthropus Erectus”, Man, Vol. 37, January 1937:
page 4: “Pithecanthropus (Java man) was not a man, but a gigantic genus, allied to the Gibbons…”
page 5: “Thus the evidence given by those five new thigh bones of the morphological and functional distinctness of Pithecanthropus erectus furnished proof, at the same time of its close affinity with the gibbon group of anthropoid apes.”