There are many wonders among the plants and animals that point to a great designer, the Creator. Some creatures have very special abilities to escape from predators, catch food, etc., while others have built-in knowledge and can do things they were never taught.
Here we present 12 plant and animal marvels. None of them could have come around by a random set of accidents called evolution.
|The Giraffe’s Special Circulatory SystemThere is more to the giraffe—the tallest animal— than a long neck. There are a variety of differences between a giraffe and a normal, short-necked animal. Since blood needs to be pumped several meters up to its brain, it has double the average blood pressure and the strongest heart in the world. The heart weighs 25 pounds (11 kg) and is 2 feet (60 cm) long. Its walls can be up to 3 inches (7.6 cm) thick. But there’s a problem, the brain can’t stand high blood pressure, so when the giraffe bends down to take a drink, its blood pressure would destroy the brain. The Creator provided for this: the giraffe has one-way check valves in his jugular veins, which close when the head is lowered. But there is still too much blood in the carotid artery. This extra amount of blood is taken to a piece of spongy tissue full of small blood vessels near the brain, which soaks it up. In addition, the cerebrospinal fluid (around the brain) produces counterpressure and prevents capillary rupture. The walls of the giraffe arteries are thicker than those of any other mammals. Considering all these changes required for “just” a long neck, it is clear that the giraffe could not have evolved.|
Mites Defeat the Theory of Evolution!
Mites are very small creatures. They can fit anywhere, for example in the ear of a moth. Large colonies of mites can be found living there. Different parts of the ear are used for different purposes: egg laying, feeding, etc. The problem is that its ear is so full, that the moth can barely hear with it. If it had both ears full, it wouldn’t hear and be easily caught by bats and be eaten together with the mites. The solution is that the mites only live in one ear! But how did they figure that out?
Tree Climbing Perch
Living in SE. Asia, this 10 inch (25 cm) fish actually leaves the water, goes inland and even climbs trees! The perch travels in search of water when his pond dries up. It has two special water storage tanks on the sides of his head. He fills them before leaving the water and uses it to keep its gills wet. He will look around inland for pools of water, and will even climb trees using its spiny fins looking for water in tree trunks to replenish his supply. Any normal fish that tried to leave the water would quickly die, so this fish couldn’t have evolved.
|Bat Radar and Radar Jamming MothsBats are the only mammals capable of true flight. They sleep upside down during the day in caves and come out at night to hunt for food. The bat is completely unique, with structures enabling it to sleep while hanging upside down, and to fly. Its pelvic girdle is rotated 180° and its knees bend opposite to that of other mammals. It could not have evolved from anything else.|
Besides being able to fly, bats use radar to travel in the dark. A bat’s radar is more precise than anything developed by man. In a room with fine wires strung out, bats never touch the wires. Their sound signals bounce off objects and return to the bats, who use echolocation—measuring how long it takes for the noise to bounce back from objects— to “see” what is around them. Using this echolocation, a bat can easily spot soft-bodied, silent moths and other flying insects, and catch hundreds every hour. There is a type of bat, which actually uses its sonar to see and eat fish in the water. A bat emits between 10 and 100 bursts of high-pitched sound every second. It is good that man cannot hear these sounds, since it would make terrible noise all night long. Sound comes through the mouth (or nostrils in some cases) from a specialized larynx, and the large ears pick up the echoes. There are muscles in the outer ear that close the ear when the sound is emitted and open it to hear the returning echo. And this is done up to 100 times a second! It is also a marvel that bats can distinguish their own sounds and echoes in a swarm from the other bats’. A single colony of bats in Eagle Creek, Arizona, once contained 50 million members.
Besides bats, dolphins also use echolocation. According to evolution, similar animals descended from each other, so if evolution is true, bats descended from dolphins or vice versa.
After hearing all of this about bats, do you think they evolved by random, harmful mutations, or were designed by the Creator?
Moths are a favourite food of bats. Some tiger moths have a radar jamming device. They can emit sounds that throw bats off course. This is similar to the technology employed by US Stealth bombers. Except that it costs the moth nothing and it is extremely miniaturized. Again, how can this have evolved, when it took thousands of man-hours to invent a similar device?
|The Garden of the Leaf-cutting AntsThese red ants live in Central and South America. They climb bushes and trees and cut the leaves into 1-2 inch pieces and carry them overhead into football-sized underground rooms in their nest. One ant colony may have millions of members and their nest thousands of chambers. In the nest special worker ants chew up the millions of leaves into smaller pieces. Then they release a fluid to dampen them, so the leaves start decaying and turning into soil. Soon fungi begin growing in these “gardens”. The ants regularly weed their garden from mildew and other types of fungi. Then they happily feed on their crop. How can this be explained by evolution?|
|The Butterfly Raised by AntsThe Large blue is a butterfly that lives in Europe and Northern Asia. The female butterflies lay their eggs on thyme flowers close to an ant’s nest. The caterpillar hatches, burrows into the flower’s head and starts eating it. After its first three molts it chews a hole in the plant and crawls outside and onto the ground. If the caterpillar is discovered by the right type of red ant, it will be “adopted”. The ant touches the caterpillar and a sweet secretion comes out form its tenth segment, which the ants like. At the caterpillar’s signal, the ant will carry it into an underground chamber of the ants’ nest containing ant larvae. The caterpillar will be fed by the worker ants and eat some of the ant grubs. The next summer, the caterpillar turns into a chrysalis. A month later it emerges as a butterfly and leaves the nest.|
The Gecko Lizard’s Secret
This small lizard can walk across smooth walls or ceilings upside-down without falling off. Scientists were puzzled, so they put the lizard under optical microscopes. They saw many lines running across his toes, but this didn’t solve the problem. Then after its invention, the scanning microscope was used to investigate the lizard. It was found that these lines, or ridges, contained millions of short fibers or hairs, and on the end of each was a suction cup! There are an estimated 500 million suction cups on the gecko’s toes. But this would be a problem, since the gecko lizard would stick to anything, and not be able to move. But the Designer provided for this: the toes of the lizard curl up at the ends and he can unstick his toes gradually.
Trick of the Stick Lizard
This lizard lives in the Near East, and makes sure there is always a stick around for protection. Its great enemy is the snake. If one is about to attack him, he will grab the stick and hold it sideways in his mouth. The snake can’t eat its food piece-by-piece, but has to swallow it whole. It can’t eat the lizard with that sideways stick, and retreats defeated. How did the lizard know to hold the stick in its mouth?
|The Hummingbird’s “Impossible” MigrationOne marvel of the living world is migration. Many birds go south in the winter. The arctic tern migrates from the Arctic to the Antarctic and back each year. Birds have no maps to guide them, but they fly with such precision as airplane pilots. Some birds are now known to travel by the sun and the stars and some by the earth’s magnetic field. Many flights are non-stop and require lots of energy. For example, the ruby-throated hummingbird weighs only one tenth of an ounce (3 grams). It crosses the Gulf of Mexico twice a year, from North to South America and then back, 620 mi (1000 km). It beats its wings 75 times a second for 25 hours non-stop. That is over 6 million wingbeats non-stop!|
Using computers and extensive metabolic studies, scientists have recently concluded that the hummingbird cannot do this. They say that the 3 gram hummingbird can’t store enough energy for the flight. It would have to run out of fuel. But the little bird doesn’t concern itself with scientific studies, and makes the “impossible” trip twice a year.
The Paradoxical Frog
Almost everything in the world grows up. But there is an animal that grows down: the paradoxical frog (pseudis paradoxa). It lives in South America. When a tadpole, it reaches 10 inches (25 cm) in length. As it “grows up”, it gets smaller and smaller! When adult, it is only 3 inches (7.6 cm) long. It required careful design to change all the hundreds of genes involved, random chance could never have done it.
|Strange Death of Bamboo PlantsBamboo is a very fast growing plant that can be found all over the world. It blooms every 50 to 100 years and dies after the bloom. At the same time all the bamboo plants in the world die! Then new sprouts grow, and the plant continues living. How can this be? How can the bamboo plants die at the same time, when they are thousand of miles apart?|
Sorrel’s Defense System
The sorrel is a three-leaved plant that lives in the shadow of huge trees. It’s leaves are horizontal to catch as much light as possible. But sometimes the sun may shine through a patch in the leaves of the giant trees and hit the leaves of the tiny sorrel. The plant would quickly dry up and die in the sunlight, since it is designed for shadow living. But it has a built-in ability for defense. It quickly folds up its leaves. Now the sunlight only hits the bottom of the leaves. This side has a purple screen, unlike other plants that have chlorophyll. This plant usually grows by sending runners, so many sorrel plants are connected. If one is in trouble, it “calls for help” and the others start pumping water to it. We can see the marvelous design in this plant. By the time evolution got around to providing the screen and the ability to turn its leaves up, the sorrel would have become extinct.
Bibliography and Links
1. Vance Ferrell, Evolution Disproved Series, Books: Origin of Life and Other Evidence Against Evolution.
2. The Guinness Encyclopedia, 2nd Edition, 1995
3. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia 99
5. Wild Birds Unlimited, Educational Resources, Hummingbirds